Rule 14/2, 14-3: If the clubhead falls off during your downswing and you miss the ball, it counts as a stroke. However, if it falls off during a backswing and you miss the ball, it does not count as a stroke.
a) Beyond any hedge, fence or wall bounding the course. The road and beyond to the right of the 8th fairway, up to the end of the plantation.
b) The car park including tarmacked, slabbed and gravelled areas surrounding the club house.
All roads & paths excluding grassed areas are classified as immovable obstructions. Relief is taken under rule 26(1).
The Margins of water hazards extend vertically up and down, a player can touchan obstruction, ground a club on it etc but is not entitlied to relief if the ball is in the hazardexcept if they choose to take reliefunder rule 26-1whcih is under penalty of one stroke.
These are marked with Yellow and Red posts, the margins of a hazard extend both up and down. Relief can be taken under penalty of 1 stroke (Rule 26-1)
(a) Protection of trees which are staked. If such a tree interferes with a players stance or the area of the intendedswing, the ball MUST be lifted, without penalty, and dropped in accordance with the procedure prescribed in Rule 24-2b (1) (Immovable Obstruction).
The Ball may be cleaned when so lifted.
Stones & anilmal Droppings in bunkers are movable obstructions, If your ball comes to rest on Animal Dung you may take relief without penalty Rule 24 (1) applies.
Distance Markers are immovable obstructions and indicate the distance to the centre of the green, at 100 yards white plates, 150 yards red plate and post and 200 yards blue plate and post. Rule 24-2b (1) applies.
Any area of the course, designated as G.U.R and a ball coming to rest therein, the ball must be lifted and dropped within one club length of such area without penalty,not nearer the hole.
Rule 25 (1) (b) Applies.
All fixed sprinkler heads and irrigation boxes or covers are immovable obstructions. IN ADDITION: If such an obstructions occurs on or within two club's length of the putting green of the hole being played and intervenes on the line of playbetween the ball and the hole, the player may obtain releif as follows: If the ball lies off the putting surface and not in a hazard, and is within two club's length of the intervening obstruction, the ball may be lifted, cleaned and dropped at the nearest point from where the ball lay and which (a) is not nearer the hole, (b) avoids such intervention , and (c) is not in a hazard or on a putting surface.
Match Play - Loss of Hole
Stroke Play - 2 Stroke Penalty